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Ziaur Rahman

 

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Ziaur Rahman (born January 19, 1936 – Death: May 30, 1981), the seventh president, a former army chief, and was a freedom fighter. March 7, 1971, on behalf of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman declared the independence of Bangladesh from Chittagong radio stations Kalurghat letters and led the fight against the Pakistani forces during the war. He is the hero of the liberation war of Bangladesh title awarded for gallantry. Ziaur Rahman, 21 April 1977. On 1 September 1978, he became President of Bangladesh and the Bangladesh Nationalist Party was founded. Four years after the Bangladesh government on 30 May 1981, was killed in a failed military coup.

Birth and childhood : On 19 January 1936, Bogra district of Bangladesh Ziaur Rahman was born in the village of bagabari. His father Mansur Rahman, and the mother’s name was Jahanara Begum – Rani. Ziaur Rahman was the second of five brothers. His father worked as a chemist in Kolkata is one of the government offices. His childhood was spent in a long time, Bogra town and while the city of Calcutta. After the partition of India and his father moved to the town of West Pakistan, Karachi. When she left school in Calcutta and Karachi Academy of Hair was admitted to the school. 1952 achievement in the school, he completed secondary education, and then in 1953 he admitted to Karachi D.J. College. The same year he joined the Kakul Military Academy as an officer cadet.

Military Life in Pakistani Army : In 1953, the Pakistan Military Academy Kakul joined as an officer cadet. In 1955, he was commissioned as a second lieutenant. Military, he became known as an expert parade trooper and Commando and Special Intelligence took training courses. After a two-year assignment in Karachi in 1957, he was transferred to the East Bengal Regiment. From 1959 to 1964 he worked for the Pakistani military intelligence department. In 1960, he was married to Khaleda Khanom. The Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 as a company commander in khemkaran sector showed great bravery. Most of the companies to display courage redoubtable war gallantry award, Ziaur Rahman, the company was one of them. In this war, the government of Pakistan for gallantry Ziaur Rahman was awarded the Hilal-e-jurat title. Ziaur Rahman, this unit is also the Sitara-e-jurat for gallantry in battle and won nine tamagha-e-jurat Medals. In 1966 he was appointed instructor in the Pakistan Military Academy professionals. Command Staff College in Quetta, Pakistan, in the course of that year, he joined the West Pakistan. In 1969, he was promoted to the rank of Major in the East Bengal Regiment Joydebpur second-in-command was the positions. Advanced training in the military and command training course to West Germany, and a few months, he worked with the British Army. In 1970, he returned to the country, and a major port city built in the eighth position in the East Bengal Regiment was the second-in-command.

The Declaration of Independence : 25 March 1971, when the Pakistani army in East Pakistan as the despicable and barbaric attack on unarmed Bengalis. That night, in the hands of the West Pakistani forces in East Pakistan, the most popular Bengali leader Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was captured. East Pakistani political leaders went underground. When people become distracted. The tensions at 1971, 26 March East Pakistan capital Dhaka Pakistani army’s brutal invasion Zia Pakistani military forsake rebellion and 27 March, Ziaur Rahman independence declaration from the Chittagong Kalurghat radio stations.

Translation of independence declaration: I, Major Zia, Bangladesh Liberation Army commander-in-chief of the province, the country declared its independence on behalf of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman said. I also declare that we are a sovereign, legal Government under Sheikh Mujibur Rahman has been established in accordance with the law and the constitution pledges to. In international relations, the government is committed to a policy of non-alignment. Maintain friendly relations with all nations, and will continue to strive for peace. I have all the governments of their respective countries to mobilize public opinion against the massacres call. Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the government, the government of a sovereign legal eram all democratic nations of the world is entitled to recognition.

Contribute to the Liberation War : Major Zia and led his troops from the front row and the Liberation War of Bangladesh Chittagong and Noakhali region for several days, they were able to control themselves. The Pakistan military forces crossed the border and they are strategically face. On April 17, when the attitude of the government, he was appointed commander of Sector 1 and Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Noakhali, Rangamati, mirsharai, Ramghar, Feni and other areas organized liberation. He organized the army of students and youth members of the 1st, 3rd and 8th East Bengal Regiment Battalion of the three brigades of the regular armed forces, the Z-Force captain who directed the war. War of Independence, Ziaur Rahman, who played an important role in the battle plan and its implementation. From April 1971 until June 1 to June to October and then simultaneously Sector Commander of Sector 11 and Z-Force commander, he took part in the war. Bravery in the war of independence, he was awarded the title of Bir Uttam.

After the independence of Bangladesh Army’s Military Life : After independence, Ziaur Rahman was appointed commander of the army brigade in Comilla and 1971 of the Bangladesh Army in June, he was appointed Deputy Chief-of-Staff. In mid-1973, Brigadier rank, the rank of Major General in the end of the year and 5 August 1975 was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant General, was appointed head of the Bangladesh Army. In December 1978, he retired from the Bangladesh Army.

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Revolution on November 7 : On 15 August 1975, after the assassination of President Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, Dr Mushtaq Ahmed took over as president. 5 August of that year, then-Chief of the Army Staff General Ziaur Rahman was appointed. 3 November that year Bir Bikram Dhaka 46th Infantry Brigade led by Colonel Jamil assisted Bir Uttam, Major General Khaled Mosharraf causes a failed military coup. The 6 November Khandaker Mushtaq Ahmed was forced to resign, and the new President of Abu Sadat Mohammad was held. Ziaur Rahman, Chief-of-Staff of the Army was forced to resign, and he was placed under house arrest at Dhaka Cantonment in the army due to his popularity gave rise to adverse reactions. Army chain of command breaches response angry army Bir Uttam Col (Retd) Abu Taher led 7th November GI crowds another counter-coups causes and II Field Artillery army Lt. Col. Mohiuddin Ahmed (Artillery) led, Ziaur Rahman, the Dhaka Cantonment house arrest, free from the second field bring artillery headquarters. On that day, in the morning counter-coup in response to Colonel (Retired) Abu Taher subordinate soldiers Captain Jalil and Captain Assad led by Sher-e-Bangla Nagar 10th East Bengal Regiment headquarters, freedom fighter, Major General Khaled Mosharraf Bir Uttam, Colonel Dr Huda Bir Bikram and Lt. Col ATM Haider Bir Uttam murdered.

He came up to the center of power of General Zia. Gono said the army without any system, for various reasons, including the killing of army officials Col (Retd) Abu Taher alleged treason against. The 21 July 1976 Colonel Taher was hanged by a military tribunal.

President Zia : November 7, 1975, after the revolution, the political center of the crowd moved to the Sipahi. 19 November 1976, he returned to the Army Chief of Army Staff in charge of the post and was appointed Deputy Chief Martial Law Administrator. Ziaur Rahman on March 8th, 1976, was formed in the police, in Colombo in 1976 and joined the Non-Aligned Movement summit and Bangladesh was promoted to chairman of the Group of 7. In 1976 he inaugurated the canal ulasi Saccharomyces from yadunathapur. 9 November 1976, he assumed the responsibility of the Chief Martial Law Administrator. 19 November 1976, he re-Army Chief of Army Staff as the charge is passed back in 1976, the village defense force was formed in 1977, 20 February Medal was introduced, and President Abu Sadat eye on strategy, removed from power after the 21 April, the president sworn in as said. While President Zia countries democratization took the initiative. He decided to introduce multi-party democracy. Glimpse of the country’s politics, competition, she said, “I will make politics difficult for the politicians.”.

On 3 June 1978, President Ziaur Rahman won the national election. A total of 10 people, was competing in this election. Note here that, in the election of 11 candidates filed nominations. Two people in the elimination of scrutiny after the number of validly nominated candidates 9. His appeal was taken as 1 Appeal filed and not withdrawn the nomination of any candidate, the number 10 was the last opponent. The 19-point program announced in May to cancel verification confidence referendum held on May 30th and affirmative votes received huge support.

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