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The judicial system of Bangladesh

 

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The current legal and judicial system is almost two hundred years of British rule in the Indian subcontinent owes, although some elements of the pre-British period were remnants of Hindu and Muslim rule. It passed through various stages to be developed as a historical process. The development process and the structure of the channel partly indigenous and partly foreign, legal concepts and principles of both Indo-Mughal and British emanates from a mixed legal system. British period in the previous five years in the Indian subcontinent with a rich history of Muslim and Hindu rule. Each regime had its own distinct legal system.
supreem-court-of-bangladesh
About fifteen hundred years before the Christian era, was started and Hindu period expands. The ancient India was divided into several independent states, and each state King Head. The judicial system of justice, the king was regarded as the fountain of justice and the highest authority was entrusted with the administration of justice in his kingdom.

As a result of the invasion and conquest of the Indian subcontinent, the Muslim rulers in 1100 AD, Muslim period. Transition at the beginning of the eleventh century and twelfth century Hindu kingdom in the face of attacks by Muslim rulers began to be divided into phases. When the Muslims conquered all the states, based on the Holy Quran and other religious books they brought with them the theory. According to the Holy Quran and the King of the world lies in the hand of God as the sovereign will of God and His humble servant to command. Almighty Ruler of the chosen agent and trustee.

Some of the officers of the British royal chartered East India Company took charge of the modernization of India’s ancient legal and judicial system. East India Company at Bombay, Madras and Calcutta by taking possession and control of, the next Presidency Town ‘is known as. Collaboration with local authorities, the Company participated in administration of justice. Charter issued by King George in 1726 in India as the first step in the introduction of English law and the judicial system works. To trade with the East India Company was approved. Later on, in order to remove the defects of the Charter of King George II in 1753, he issued a new certificate. To improve the system of the secret committee of the House of Commons to intervene and Regulation Act, 1773 was passed, under which the establishment of the Supreme Court of Justice of Calcutta in 1774 to issue a separate certificate. Later, Madras in 1801 and in 1824 in Bombay (now Mumbai), the Supreme Court was established.

India’s first Law Commission was established in 1853 and is the creation of an all India legislature whose laws were effective on all courts. At the time of the East India Company was dissolved and after the revolution of 1857, the GI of the independence movement in India since 1858, was taken over by the British Crown rule. Civil Procedure Law, Criminal Procedure Law, criminal procedure, evidence law, and general legal framework that was formulated during the British Parliament enacted in 1861 by the Indian High Court in the three Presidency cities (Calcutta, Bombay and Madras) to replace the Supreme the High Court is to be placed. After the establishment of the High Court in civil and criminal court system, civil rights of a regular sequence of Courts Act, 1887 and the Criminal Procedure Law, which was established in 1898. Indian sub-continent in the civil and criminal courts, the legal system is based on this current court Act, 1887 and the Criminal Procedure Act, 1898. India and Pakistan on 15 August, the British Parliament in 1947 the Indian Independence Act, 1947, as an independent state was declared. According to the law, a new constitution for the independent India and Pakistan until the two governments at the Government of India Act, 1935 through the. Channel structure of the judiciary remained the same as it was before 1947.

Government of India Act of 1935 changed the structure of government. This rule may be a single or central governance procedures are changed in Federal Way. Accordingly, in both in India and Pakistan until the new constitution is to be introduced in the Federal Court.

Constituent Assembly of Pakistan, the Privy Council (Abolition of Jurisdiction) Act, 1950, which is passed from the Federal Court of Pakistan had rejected the system of appeal to the Privy Council. Provinces under the new Constitution in 1956, the High Court and Supreme Court of Pakistan was established east of the center of Pakistan’s Supreme Court has served as the Federal Court. In Pakistan, the constitution was suspended in 1958 and another one in 1962 of the Constitution is to be introduced, but the whole judicial structure remains the same. After independence in 1971, in 1972 of the Constitution of Bangladesh adopted the Appellate Division and the High Court Division of the Supreme Court comprising the structure and functioning of the channel. Note that the subordinate judiciary, both civil and criminal law originated Civil Courts Act, 1887 and the Criminal Procedure Act 1898. There are also some other special laws in Bangladesh, which is the basis of some of the special courts, such as – Labour Court, Juvenile Court, administrative tribunal, etc..

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