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Sunamganj District

 

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Sunamganj District (sylhet division) area 3,669.58 sq km, located in between 24°34′ and 25°12′ north latitudes and in between 90°56′ and 91°49′ east longitudes. It is bounded by Meghalaya state of India on the north, habiganj and kishoreganj districts on the south, sylhet district on the east, netrokona district on the west.

Population Total 2013738; male 1036678, female 977060; Muslim 1715033, Hindu 294765, Buddhist 2843, Christian 136 and others 961.

Water bodies Main rivers: surma, kushiyara, Dhamalia, Jadukata.

Administration Sunamganj Sub-division was upgraded to a district in 1984. Municipality was formed in 1960. Of the eleven upazilas of the district dharmpasha is the largest (496.03 sq km) and bishwambarpur is the smallest (194.25 sq km).

District
Area (sq km) Upazila Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural
3669.58 11 4 82 1688 2782 217006 1796732 549 34.4
Others Information of District
Name of Upazila Area
(sq km)
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density
(per sq km)
Literacy rate (%)
Chhatak 434.76 1 13 311 524 334546 766 36.3
Jagannathpur 368.27 1 8 263 310 225271 612 45.3
Jamalganj 338.74 5 102 175 138985 410 29.6
Tahirpur 313.70 7 136 244 1555188 495 31.2
Dakshin Sunamganj 259.05 AD- 8 93 94 147892 571 31.55
Derai 420.93 1 9 165 222 202791 782 35.4
Dowarabazar 281.40 7 166 295 179201 637 30.8
Dharampasha 496.03 10 182 313 182969 384 26.4
Bishwambarpur 194.25 5 59 183 126259 650 28.4
Sulla 260.74 4 68 115 101298 389 36.0
Sunamganj Sadar 301.71 1 6 143 307 219338 817 48.63

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

History of the War of Liberation On 28 April’ 1971 an encounter was held between the freedom fighters and the Pak army in Chhatak upazila in which 13 freedom fighters were killed and 11 were wounded. On 29 July, one freedom fighter was killed in an encounter with the Pak army at Sachna Bazar of Jamalganj upazila. On 12 August, the Pak army killed 8 civilians at village Telia. On 25 August an encounter was held between the freedom fighters and the Pak army in Derai upazila in which three freedom fighters were killed and two were wounded. On 31 August 1971, the local razakars of Jagannathpur upazila arranged a so-called peace meeting at the Sreerampur High School compound and arranged a gathering of teachers, officials, union parishad members, local elite and a cross section of people. With the help of the razakars the Pak army brutally killed 126 persons by firing on the meeting and the entire village was set on fire. Again on 8 September the Pak Army sacked about 150 shops at Raniganj Bazar and killed 30 innocent people of this upazila. During the war of liberation, the Pak army conducted mass killing, violation of women and burning in different places including at Sunamganj town, Krishnanagar and Ahsanmara ferry ghat. The Pak army killed three freedom fighters during the peoples’ resistance movement at Sunamganj Circuit House and Ahsanmara areas. In an encounter with the Pak army 48 freedom fighters were killed at Krishnanagar of Mongalkot; they were buried at Dalura. Sunamganj district was liberated on 7 December.

Marks of the War of Liberation Mass grave 4; mass killing site 3; memorial plate 3; memorial monument 5.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 34.4%; male 38.1%, female 30.5%. Educational institutions: primary teachers training college 1, college 30, secondary school 168, primary school 1050, kindergarten 20, community school 72, madrasa 165. Noted educational institutions: Sunamganj Government College (1944), Sunamganj Government Mohila College (1984), Zainal Abedin College (1992), Sulla College (1986), Jamalganj Degree College (1985), Barakhal Multilateral School and College (1970), Badshahganj Degree College (1994), Maddhya Nagar BP High School and Colllege (1952), Derai Degree College (1979), Chhatak Degree College (1972), Chhatak Technical School and College (1981), Digendra Barman College (1992), Jagannathpur College (1992), Government Jubilee High School (1887), Tahirpur Government High School (1950), Satish Chandra Government Girls’ High School (1940), Jamalganj High School (1948), Jagannathpur Swarup Chandra Government High School (1926), Pilotgaon BN High School (1919), Derai Boys’ High School (1915), Rajanagar Krishnachandra Public Secondary High School (1903), Chandranth Girls’ High School (1857), Satgaon High School (1923), Saidpur Sayedia Shamchhia Senior Madrasa (1903), Bahara Primary School (1831), Anandapur Government Primary School (1925), Derai Government Model Primary School (1805), Shahapur Government Primary School (1905), Bishwambarpur Government Model Primary School (1928).

Main sources of income Agriculture 66.99%, non-agricultural labourer 6.52%, industry 0.45%, commerce 9.12%, transport and communication 0.96%, service 3.81%, construction 0.64%, religious service 0.34%, rent and remittance 2.20% and others 8.97%.

Newspapers and periodicals Daily: Haor Barta, Desh Prantho; weekly: Shajan (1991), Sunam Kantha (2000), Sunam Express (2006), Sunamganj Report (2005), Sunam (1984), Din Jai (1992), Sunamganjer Kagoj (1991), Sunamganjer Janapath (2006), Sunamganj Samgbad (1991), Sunamganj Barta (1985), Aunal (1991), Grambanglar Katha (2007); fortnightly: Surma (2001), Daraien (2000), Bhati Katha (2001), Bijay (2002), Gang (2003), Nakshathra (2004), Kalni (2001), Haorer Dheow, Suchayan, Prattayan, Mangala (1906), Kaler Kartal (1977), Jamalganj Samachar (1985), Bhalobasi Swadesh (1987), Nabajatak (1987), Probhat (1990), Aparjita Tarunna (1991), Uttar Projanmma (1992), Dishari (1993), Pratidhi (1993), Unmachan (1994), Shahose Jage Utho (1997), Sreetir Olinde (1998), Purbasha (1998), Raktojhara Falgune (1998), Praona (1999), Abhiprai (2001), Nibedan (2006); monthly: Jagannath Times, Jankar (1929), Pradip (1929); quaterly: Sfulinga; periodicals: Dishari (1993), Khudrapat Rudrapran (1998), Sreetir Olinde (1998), Arunaday (1998, 2000).

Folk culture Other folk culture include Haljatra, Gormar dance, Dhamail and Suryabrata songs. Besides, different folk traditions of the district include Bijbas Brata, Banalaksmi Brata, Khirabas Brata, Firal etc.

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