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Social Forestry

 

In order to address the primary drivers of deforestation and forest degradation, and promote peoples’ participation in the improved management of forest resources, the GoB has adopted a social forestry approach as laid out in the Forestry Master Plan completed in 1993, as well as revised the Forest Act of 2000 and created the Social Forestry Rules of 2004, amended in 2010. This has facilitated collaboration between the GoB through the Forest Department and local communities to enhance conservation while striving to meet the latter’s consumption needs.

FD initiated Community Forestry Project during 1981-1987 through active participation of local people financed by Asian Development Bank (ADB), which paved the foundation of social forestry in Bangladesh. Consequently the FD implemented the ADB-funded Upazilla Afforestation and Nursery Development Project (1989-1996), Coastal Green Belt Project (1995-2002), the Forestry Sector Project (1998-2004) and World Bank (WB) funded Forest Resources Management Project and engaged a number of poor and landless people including men and women in the social forestry programmes. Currently the number of participants with FD is nearly 0.5 million. Encroached forest lands, depleted forest areas, buffer areas of PAs, vacant marginal land and road side areas were reforested under these projects. The major components of these projects were to establish woodlot, agro forestry and strip plantations throughout the country. The Plantations established under social forestry programme are being harvested at the end of the rotation (10 years) and of which the benefit will go to the participant according to the Amended Social Forestry Rule of 2010.

Source: bforest.gov.bd

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