Parliament Member of Bangladesh
Brief history of Parliament (1937-2009)
The Bengal legislative assembly
The Bengal legislative assembly was constituted under the provision of the “government of india act, 1935” and consists of 250 members elected through the election held in 1937. The Bengal legislative assembly held its first session on 7th April 1937 in Kolkata (Calcutta). Khan Bahadur M. Azizul Haque was the Speaker and Mr. M. Ashraf Ali the Deputy Speaker of the Bengal Legislative Assembly. The next election of the Bengal legislative assembly took place in 1946 and the new legislative assembly had its first sitting on 3rd February 1947 in Kolkata. Mr. Nurul Amin was elected as the Speaker and Mr. Tofazzal Ali Advocate, the Deputy Speaker.
East Bengal Legislative Assembly
Pakistan got its Independence on 14th August 1947. East Bengal Legislative assembly was constituted in 1947 consists of 171 Members those were from east Bengal elected to the Bengal Assam Legislative Assembly through the election held in 1946. The first session of the East Bengal Legislative Assembly was held in the “Jagannath Hall”, Dhaka on 29th March 1948. Mr. Abdul Karim was elected as the Speaker and Mr. Nazmul Haque as the Deputy Speaker of the East Bengal Legislative Assembly.
The next election of the east Bengal Legislative assembly was held on 3rd march 1954. The total number of seats of the assembly was 309. The assembly had its first session on 5th august 1955 in the assembly House (Jagannath Hall) situated in Ramna, Dhaka. Mr. Abdul Hakim was elected as the Speaker and Mr. Shahed Ali as the Deputy Speaker.
In 1962 the next election of the East Pakistan Legislative Assembly was held in 1962 and the first session took place on 9th June 1962. Mr. Abdul Hamid Chowdhury was elected as the Speaker. Mr. Gamiruddin Pradhan and Mr. Md. Mashiul Azam khan were respectively elected as the Deputy Speaker (Senior) and Deputy Speaker.
Through a glorious Liberation War Bangladesh emerged as an independent state on 16th December 1971. The Constituent Assembly of Bangladesh was constituted with representatives of the people elected to the Pakistan National Assembly from the East Pakistan and the East Pakistan legislative assembly through elections held in December 1970 and January 1971. The constituent assembly was constituted under the provision of the provincial constitution of Bangladesh order, 1972 consists of 469 Members. The first session of the Constituent assembly was held in the Parliament house, tejgaon, Dhaka on 10th april, 1972. Shah Abdul Hamid was elected as first Speaker of the constituent Assembly and Mr. Muhammadullah was elected as the Deputy Speaker. Due to demise of the Speaker Shah Abdul Hamid, Deputy Speaker Mr. Muhammadullah was later elected as the Speaker and Mr. Md. Baitullah as the Deputy Speaker.
General election to the 300 seat of the first Parliament of Bangladesh was held on 7th march 1973. The first Parliament had 15 reserved seats for women. This means he total number of Members in the first Parliament were 315. The first session of the Bangladesh Parliament was held in the Parliament House, Tejgaon, Dhaka on 7TH April, 1973. Speaker elected respectively in the first Parliament were Mr. Mahammadullah and Mr. Abdul Malek Ukil and Deputy Speaker was Mr. Md. Baitullah.
Election of the second Parliament of Bangladesh took place on 18th February 1979. In the second Parliament the numbers of reserved seats for the women were raised from 15 to 30 and bringing the total member of members to 330. The first sitting of the second Parliament was held on 2nd april 1979. The second Parliament elected Mirza Gholam Hafiz as the Speaker and barrister Sultan Ahmed Chowdhury as the Deputy Speaker. It may be mentioned here that in the second Parliamentary election Syeda Razia Fayez a candidate of Bangladesh Muslim league was the first woman who elected directly by the people.
General election to the third Parliament was held on 7th may 1986. Total number of seats including women reserved seats was 330. First session began on 10th July 1986. Mr. Shamsul Huda Chowdhury was elected as the Speaker and Mr. M. Korban ali as the Deputy Speaker.
The fourth Parliament election was held on 3rd March 1988 and the first session of the fourth Parliament took place on 25th april 1988. Total number of seats in the fourth Parliament was 300. Fourth Parliament was the first one with no reserved seats for women, because the constitutional provision to that effect was no longer valid. In the foruth Parliament Mr. Shamsul Huda Chowdhury was elected as the Speaker and Mr. Reazuddin ahmed as the Deputy Speaker.
General election of the fifty Parliaments was held on 27th February 1991 and the first session of the Fifty Parliament commenced on 5th April 1991. The total numbers of members were 330, because the law relating to reservation of the women seats was already enacted by the Parliament. And as per the provision 30 women members were elected by the directly elected members of the Parliament. The first Speaker of the fifty Parliaments was Mr. Abdur Rahman Biswas and the Deputy Speaker was Sheikh Razzaque Ali. Later on Mr. Abdur Rahman biswas was elected the president of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh paving the way for Sheikh Razzaque Ali to become the Speaker and Mr. Humayun Khan Panni as the Deputy Speaker.
General election of the Sixth Parliament took place on 15th February 1996. The first session of the sixth Parliament began on 29th march 1996. The total number of members in the Parliament was 330. Sixth parliament elected Sheikh Razzaque Ali as the Speaker and Mr. L. K. Siddiquie as the Deputy Speaker.
Seventh Parliament election was held on 12th June 1996. The first session of the Seventh Parliament took place on 14th July 1996. The total numbers of Members were 330. Mr. Humayun Rasheed Chowdhury was elected as the Speaker and Mr. Abdul Hamdi Advocate as the Deputy Speaker. Due to demise of Speaker Mr. Humayun Rasheed Chowdhury, Deputy Speaker Md. Abdul Hamid advocate was later elected as the Speaker and professor Md. Ali Ashraf ad the Deputy Speaker.
The general election of eighth Parliament was held on 1st October 2001. On 28th October 2001 the eighth Parliament had its first session. Number of members in the Parliament is 300, because the tenure of the provision relating to reservation of the women seats has already elapsed and the 30 reserved seats for women did not exist.
The eighth Parliament elected barrister Muhammad Jamirudding sircar as the Speaker and Mr. Akhtar Hamid Siddiquie as the Deputy Speaker.
The eighth Parliament elected Barrister Muhammad Jamiruddin Sircar as the Speaker and Mr. Akhtar Hamid Siddiquie as the Deputy Speaker.
The eighth Parliament has already passed the Constitution (Fourteenth Amendment) bill, 2004 and by this act, the numbers of reserved seats for women are raised from 30 to 45 and bringing the total number of members to 345. After the commencement of this Act, for the residual period of the Eighth Parliament and until the dissolution of Parliament and until the dissolution of Parliament occurring next after the expiration of the period of ten years beginning from the date of the first meeting of the Parliament next after the Parliament in existence there shall be reserved 45 seats exclusively for women members.
The general election of Ninth Parliament was held on 29th December 2008. On 25th January 2009 the Ninth Parliament had its first session. The total numbers of Members are 345.
The ninth Parliament elected Md. Abdul Hamid Advocate as the Speaker and Mr. Shawkat Ali as the Deputy Speaker.
Parliament member list by name of Parliament:
1. Member’s of 1st Parliament of Bangladesh
2. Member’s of 2nd Parliament of Bangladesh
3. Member’s of 3rd Parliament of Bangladesh
4. Member’s of 4th Parliament of Bangladesh
5. Member’s of 5th Parliament of Bangladesh
6. Member’s of 6th Parliament of Bangladesh
7. Member’s of 7th Parliament of Bangladesh
8. Member’s of 8th Parliament of Bangladesh
9. Member’s of 9th Parliament of Bangladesh
10. Member’s of 10th Parliament of Bangladesh