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Pabna District


Pabna District (rajshahi division) area 2371.50 sq km, located in between 23°48′ and 24°21′ north latitudes and in between 89°00′ and 89°44′ east longitudes. It is bounded by natore and sirajganj districts on the north, padma river, rajbari and kushtia districts on the south, manikganj and Sirajganj districts and jamuna river on the east, Padma River, Natore and Kushtia districts on the west.

Population Total 2176270; male 1126084, female 1050186; Muslim 2099160, Hindu 73839, Buddhist 3023, Christian 78 and others 170.

Water bodies Main rivers: Padma, Baral, Jamuna, ichamati, atrai, Hurasagar, Chiknai; chalan beel is notable.

Administration Pabna District was formed in 1832. Of the nine upazilas of the district pabna sadar is the largest (443.90.41 sq km, it occupies 18.72% of the total area of the district) and bhangura is the smallest (136 sq km).

Area (sq km) Upazila Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural
2371.50 9 8 72 1321 1536 449390 1726880 918 42.4
Others Information of District
Name of Upazila Area
(sq km)
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density
(per sq km)
Literacy rate (%)
Atgharia 186.15 5 111 132 136480 733 44.6
Ishwardi 246.90 1 7 128 123 292938 1186 50.7
Chatmohar 305.63 1 11 170 232 239973 785 38.6
Pabna Sadar 443.90 1 10 259 284 476932 1074 48.2
Faridpur 138.36 1 6 59 84 123919 896 47.1
Bera 248.60 1 7 163 159 231430 931 33.5
Bhangura 136.00 1 6 67 110 99474 731 38.3
Santhia 331.56 1 10 177 232 323932 977 38.3
Sujanagar 334.40 1 10 191 180 251192 751 36.7

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

History of the War of Liberation An encounter was held between the freedom fighters and the Pak army on 29 March 1971 at the Telephone Exchange Compound of Pabna sadar upazila in which 22 Pak soldiers were killed. On the same day the Pak army killed 5 youths at village Madhabdi under Ishwardi upazila. On 31 March 1971, the freedom fighters resisted the Pak army at the Nagarbari Ferry Ghat of Bera upazila. On 9 April, the Pak army conducted air raids onthe Nagarbari Ferry Ghat in order to dislodge the freedom fighters whena number of innocent civilians were killed. On 19 April, a battle was fought between the freedom fighters and the Pak army at Paikarhati (meeting place’ of Bera and Santhia on the Nagarbari-Bogra highway) in which 25 freedom fighters and 150 Pak soldiers were killed. On 22 May 1971, the Pak army killed 156 innocent persons at village Hadal of Faridpur upazila. They also conducted heavy plundering, set 70 houses on fire and violated women. On 30 Baishakh (Bangla month), the Pak army in collaboration with the razakars indiscriminately fired on innocent people of village Demra under Faridpur upazila killing nearly 800 persons. They also conducted plundering, violation of women and set mosques, temples, schools, madrasas and settlements on fire. On 4 Bhadra (Bangla month), the Pak army arrested 700 persons of village Gopalpur of this upazila and killed 26 of them; they also conducted heavy plundering and violation of women. On 27 Ramadan (Hijri month), the Pak army killed 8 innocent persons at village Majat and 3 persons at village Ratanpur of the upazila. In the month of October 1971 a battle was fought between the freedom fighters and the Pak army at a place on the bank of the river Chiknai near the Railway Bridge of Chatmohar upazila in which 7 freedom fighters were killed. On 27 November the Pak army in collaboration with the razakars violated women at Dhulaura Fakir Para of Nagdemra union under Santhia upazila. The Pak army captured 22 freedom fighters from this place and killed 21 of them by bayonet charge; however, one freedom fighter somehow managed to escape. On 14 December the 12th span of the hardinge bridge broke down into the river due to bombing on the bridge by the Indian Air Forces; besides, spans number 9 and 15 were also partially damaged. On 14 December the Pak army shot three freedom fighters of Sujanagar upazila dead.’

Marks of the War of Liberation Mass grave 4 (Pabna sadar, Atgharia, Bera, Santhia); Mass killing site 7 (Bera 2, Faridpur 2, Sujanagar 3), Memorial monument 5 (Chatmohar 1, Ishwardi 1, Pabna sadar 1, Santhia 2); Memorial sculpture 1 (Paikorhat in Bera).

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 42.4%; male 45.2%, female 39.5%. Noted educational institutions: Pabna Edward College (1898), Sanra Marwari School and College (1917), Sara Marwari School and College, Ishwardi Government College (1963), Bera Degree College (1964), Haji Jamaluddin Degree College (1970), Chatmohar Degree College (1970), Atgharia Degree College (1972), Bhangura Mohila College (1998), Government Mohila College, Govt. Shaheed Bulbul College, Pabna Zila School (1853), Bharenga Academy (1858), Chatmohar RCN and BSN Pilot High School (1861), Pabna Polytechnic Institute (1891), GC Institution (1894), Radhanagar Majumdar Academy (1899), RM Academy (1899), Bera BB Pilot High School (1899), Krishnapur Government Girls’ High School (1903), Town Girls’ High School (1903), Bera High School (1906), Pakuria High School (1907), Banwari Nagar CB Pilot High School (1912), Dhobakhola Coronation High School (1912), Khalilpur High School (1917), Ruppur Girls’ School (1918), Bangladesh Railway Government Girls’ High School (1918), Nakalia Sanrashia Banik High School (1919), Satbaria High School (1920), Selim Nazir High School (1924), Government Girls’ High School (1925), Haripur Durgadas High School (1925), Cental Girls’ High School (1926), Ishwardi Girls’ High School (1929), MC Jubilee High School (1936), Santhia Pilot High School (1943), Debattar Pilot High School (1966), Debattar Model Government Primary School (1880), Santhia Government Primary School (1901), Dhulauri Kawsaria Kamil Madrasa (1907), Ulat Siddiquia Fazil Madrasa (1915), Dhaleshwar Islamia Dakhil Madrasa (1922), Taha Islamia Dakhil Madrasa (1923), Pabna Aliya Madrasa (1925), Sharatnagar Fazil Madrasa (1927).

Main sources of income Agriculture 53.75%, non-agricultural labourer 4.57%, industry 4.58%, commerce 14.97%, transport and communication 4.14%, service 7.41%, construction 1.64%, religious service 0.16%, rent and remittance 0.49% and others 8.29%.

Newspapers and periodicals Daily: Ichamati, Nirvar, Uttar Janata (Ishwardi); weekly: Gayana Bikashini, Pabna Barta, Bibreti, Charmohar Barta, Faridpur Barta, Junction, Janadabi (Ishwardi), Arshi; fortnightly: Jamuna; monthly: Gayana Prava, Palli Darpan, Manasi, Amader Desh, Pabna; others: Subadhani, Poridarshak, Asa, Tawhid, Sachetan (Bhangura).

Folk culture Folk songs prevalent in the district include Dhua song, Barase song, Jari, Sari, Jag song, Marfati, Meyeli song (songs sung by women on various folk festivals), etc. The people of the region practice a number of oral folk cultures such as rhymes, riddle, proverbs and different types of folk tales. Popular folk games and sports of the district include boat race, bow and arrow game, Lari Lathi game, Dang-guti, wrestling, tug of war, Jor-bijor, Panch Guti, swimming, Bagarjani, Ban Bandhi, Gollachhut, Ha-du-du, Kanamachhi, Kumir-Danga, Snake charming, Monkey game, Bou Chhi, Ekka Dokka, Kite flying, etc.

Important installations Hardinge Bridge, Lalon Shah Bridge, Ishwardi Railway Junction, Agriculture Research Centre (biggest in Asia),’ Sugarcane Research Centre (only in Bangladesh and biggest in Asia) and Ishwardi Airport.

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