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Muradnagar Upazila

 

muradnagarMuradnagar Upazila (comilla district) area 339 sq km, located in between 23°30′ and 23°48′ north latitudes and in between 90°52′ and 91°04′ east longitudes. It is bounded by nabinagar upazila on the north, chandina and debidwar upazilas on the south, Debidwar, brahmanpara and kasba upazilas on the east, daudkandi, homna and banchharampur upazilas on the west.

Population Total’ 468080; male 235307, female 232773; Muslim 429243, Hindu 38775, Buddhist 13, Christian 28 and others 21.

Water bodies Main rivers: gumti, Buri; Curzon Canal is notable.

Administration Muradnagar Thana was formed in 1858 and it was turned into an upazila in 1983.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural
22 153 301 24070 444010 1381 43.16 38.17
Upazila Town
Area (sq km) Mouza Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
13.40 4 24070 1796 43.16
Union
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female
Akubpur 04 6316 16471 16553 49.73
Andikot 09 5431 14623 14479 38.11
Kanalla 49 4920 8353 8550 36.74
Chapitala 22 5463 6359 6499 47.75
Chhaliakandi 31 2865 8952 8728 34.27
Jahapur 40 4330 12718 13256 37.67
Tanki 91 8058 8016 40.53
Darora 27 2922 7861 8069 30.74
Dhamghar 36 5911 17976 18141 40.91
Paschim Nabipur 63 2175 11644 10128 44.63
Purba Nabipur 58 3428 11036 10361 36.64
Paharpur 67 3649 9754 9301 37.79
Paschim Purbadhair 81 2740 8306 8373 32.91
Purba Purbadhair 76 3196 7168 7082 41.23
Paschim Bangara 18 4442 8788 9104 38.96
Purba Bangara 13 2496 8366 8500 42.31
Babuti Para 72 3452 11172 10868 37.13
Muradnagar 54 4920 15581 15355 36.36
Jatrapur 45 3565 8749 8765 30.97
Uttar Ramchandrapur 85 2495 8282 7547 34.71
Dakshin Ramchandrapur 90 2985 8159 7789 27.82
Sreekail 94 7601 16932 17309 37.21

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

Archaeological heritage and relics Single domed Paharpur Mosque, Sheikh Lal Mosque (Purbadhair), Pir Kasimpur Mosque, Sculpture of Berdeshari (Muradnagar).

Historical events During the Mughal period Muradnagar was under Balda Khal Pargana. The people of this upazila took part in peasant and anti British movements. Direct encounters between the freedom fighters and the Pak army were held during the war of liberation in different places of the upazila in which a number of freedom fighters were killed.

Religious institutions Mosque 280, temple 46, tomb 8, sacred place 1. Noted religious institutions: Bhutail Sarkarbari Mosque, Sonakandha Pirbari Mosque, Kasimpur Pirbari Mosque, Muradnagar Mosque, Nabipur Mandir, Sreekail Kalibari, Ramchandrapur Kalibari.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 38.43%; male 42.51%, female 34.40%. Educational institutions: college 22, secondary school 50, primary school 192, community school 29, madrasa 43. Noted educational institutions: Jahapur KK Academy and College (1914), Sreekail College (1942), DR Government High School (1864), Bangara High School (1887), Gomta Isakia High School, (1910), Ramchandrapur High School (1918).

Newspapers and periodicals Monthly: Bihanga, Muradnagar.

Cultural organisations Library 1, club 40, press club 2, cinema hall 5, playground 32.

Main sources of income Agriculture 50.24%, non-agricultural labourer 2.55%, industry 1.34%, commerce 16.25%, transport and communication 2.72%, service 8.47%, construction 1.09%, religious service 0.42%, rent and remittance 4.80% and others 12.12%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 66.44%, landless 33.56%; agricultural landowner: urban 58.70% and rural 66.88%.’

Main crops Paddy, wheat, masur, kalai, mustard, sesame, linseed.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Jute.

Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, blackberry, banana.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries Fishery 1, dairy 2, nursery 14.

Communication facilities Pucca road 66 km, mud road 12 km.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin.

Noted manufactories Rice mill, ice factory, bidi factory, welding factory.

Cottage industries Goldsmith, blacksmith, potteries, embroidery, weaving, bamboo work, cane work.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 80, most noted of which are Ramchandrapur Hat, Companiganj Hat, Hatkhola and Piparia Hat.

Main exports Rice, mustard.

Access to electricity All the unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 35.33% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 93.74%, tap 0.95%, pond 1.96% and others 3.36%. The presence of arsenic has been detected in the shallow tube-well water of the upazila.

Sanitation 51.37% (rural 51.24% and urban 53.74%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 37.77% (rural 37.77% and urban 37.75%) of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 10.86% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 17, satellite clinic 7, clinic 42.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs is brac.

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