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Minority community of Bangladesh

 

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The minority people of Bangladesh are leaved in southeastern, northwestern, north-central and northeastern regions of Bangladesh. These regions include the Chittagong Hill Tracts, Rajshahi Division, Sylhet Division, Mymensingh District, Comilla Districts and Dinajpur Districts. The total population of minority community of Bangladesh are 2 million in 2010. The total ethnic group 27 in Bangladesh. ‘Chakma’ is the highest populated group, in 2011, total population of Chakma are 4,44,748. Others ethnic groups are Khashia, Marma, Jantia, Santals, Garos, Monipuri, Tripura, Mrus or Moorangs, Pola, Tipra etc.

Chakma:
Chakma is a biggest populated group of Bangladesh. Most of the people of Chakma are leaved in Chittagong hill tracks area. But more of them are scattered leaving into all district in Bangladesh. They are infused with modern life. Many of them are living a normal life in the plane. Most of chakma people are following Theravada Buddhists, but some of them practice Hinduism, Cristina and animism.

Chakma Girl

Chakma Girl

Language: The Chakma has their own language, they better known closest relatives are Bengali, Assamese, Chittagonian/Rohingya, Bishnupriya Manipuri, Tanchangya, and Sylheti language. Changma Vaj is written in its own script, the Chakma script, also known as Ojhopath. Chakma is written in an alphabet which allowing for its cursive form, is almost identical with the Khmer and the Lanna (Chiangmai) characters, which was formerly in use in Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and southern parts of Burma.

Culture : Chakma have their own culture, folklore, literature and traditions. More chakmas are like colorful cloth. Most of them ware hand made colorful cloth. The design these cloth is first embroidered on a piece of cloth known as Alaam.

Food : The traditional food of chakma people is Bamboo shoot, they call this “Bajchuri”. Another traditional food of chakma is Shrimp paste, it’s call locally ‘shidol’.

Festivals : Buddha Purnima is the main festivals of Chakmas. They call it’s Bizu.

Chakma Septs (Goza) : Chakmas have only forty gozas or septs. They are: Borsegoja, Anghu, Baburo, Boga, Bongsha or Wangjha, Borbwa or Borwa, Bar Bungo, Guro/Chigon Bungo, Bor Chege, Chege (Rwa Chege, Bhwa Chege, Bannya Chege,), Mhulheema Chege, Khyang Chege/Khyangya or Khyangjoy, Chadonga or Chadogo, Chekkoba or Chekkaba, Dachchya or Dhachchya, Dhamei or Dhavenga, Haia or Hoia, hamme, Hedoga, Bor Kambhe or Bor Kammhei, Guro Kambhe or Chigon Kammhei, Kudugo, Hurohuttye or Hurohujjye, Kngha, Larma, Lakchara, Lebha, Mhulheema, Pwa, Bor Phaksa, Guro Phaksa or Chigon Phaksa, Pugho or Pumha, Phema, Padugo, Pittingya or Pittinghya, Pedangchhuri or Pedangsari, Rangya, Tonnya, Phedungsa Tonnya, Puran Teyha, Nwa Teyha, and Uchchari.

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