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Jhenaidah District

 

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JhenaidahJhenaidah District (khulna division) area 1949.62 sq km, located in between 23°13′ and 23°46′ north latitudes and in between 88°42′ and 89°23′ east longitudes. It is bounded by kushtia district on the north, jessore district and west bengal state of India on the south, rajbari and magura districts on the east, chuadanga district and West Bengal state of India on the west.

Population Total 1579490; male 815576, female 763914; Muslim 1415379, Hindu 162808, Buddhist 835, Christian 161 and others 307.

Water bodies Main rivers: gorai, kumar, nabaganga, chitra, bhairab, kobadak, Betna, Kaliganga; canals: Putimari, Sonalidanga, Dakuar, Tattipur; Beels: Kannadaha, Kajli, Shikir, Patar, Ruimari, Dobila-Azampur, Urki, Uttar Beel (Magura-Tattipur); baors: Baluhar, Marjat, Sarjat, Majdia, Barphar.

Administration At the beginning of the British rule Jhenaidah was a police out post and was turned into a thana in 1793. The Jhenaidah Sub division was established in 1862 and was turned into a district in 1984. Of the 10 districts of Khulna Division Jhenaidah district occupies the 5th position and it occupies the 34th position among the 64 districts of Bangladesh. Of the six upazilas of the district jhenaidah sadar is the largest (467.75 sq km, it occupies 23.99% of the total area of the district) and kotchandpur is the smallest (165.66 sq km).

District
Area (sq km) Upazila Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural
1949.62 6 5 67 945 1150 230392 1349098 810 44.7
Others Information of District
Name of Upazila Area
(sq km)
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density
(per sq km)
Literacy rate
(%)
Kaliganj 310.16 1 11 188 198 252443 814 46.2
Kotchandpur 165.66 1 5 81 78 132347 799 44.8
Jhenaidah Sadar 467.75 1 17 268 283 394152 843 47.4
Maheshpur 405.44 1 12 150 196 296248 731 43.7
Shailkupa 373.42 1 14 181 265 331809 889 43.7
Harinakunda 227.19 8 77 130 172491 759 39.5

Bangladesh Population Census 2001,Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

History of the War of Liberation On 13 April 1971 an encounter between the freedom fighters and the Pak army was held at Mandartala of village Mohish Hati under Kaliganj upazila in which 20 freedom fighters were killed and approximately 100 were wounded. Around 150 to 200 freedom fighters were killed in another encounter on 14 April at Dulalmundia of this upazila. On 16 April another encounter between the freedom fighters and the Pak army was held on the bank of the Begabati of Bishkhali under Jhenaidah sadar upazila in which 7 freedom fighters were killed and many were wounded. 27 freedom fighters were killed in an encounter with the Pak army at a place adjacent to the playground of Kamanna Secondary School under Shailkupa upazila.

Marks of the War of Liberation Mass grave 7; mass killing site 3.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 44.7%; male 48.8%, female 40.3%. Educational institutions: university 1, college 54, polytechnic institute 1, secondary school 304, primary school 804, madrasa 283. Noted educational institutions: Islami University, Government KC College (1960), Jhenaidah Cadet College (1963), Mahtab Uddin Degree College (1966), Shailkupa Government Degree College (1969), Jhenaidah City College (1981), Maheshpur High School (1863), Harinakunda Priyanath High School (1872), Joradaha High School (1872), Jhenaidah Government High School (1877), Naldanga Bhusan Pilot Secondary School (1882), Shailkupa Pilot High School (1893), Kotchandpur Pilot Secondary School (1899), Raigram Banikanta High School (1920), Jhenaidah Government Girls’ High School (1970), Jhenaidah Siddikia Alim Madrasa (1967).

Main sources of income Agriculture 67%, non-agricultural labourer 2.93%, industry 1.59%, commerce 14.24%, transport and communication 3.83%, service 4.93%, construction 1.16%, religious service 0.13%, rent and remittance 0.46% and others 3.73%.

Newspapers and periodicals Daily: Jhenaidah, Jhenaidah Bani, Adhibeshan, Nabaganga, Bir Darpan, Muktasamaj, Nabachitra; weekly: Chalantika, Aunirvan, Simanter Bani, Chetana, Janatar Dak, Bir Darpan; periodicals: Kotchandpur, Kahan, Kumar, Duhsahos, Janarab, Aognishikha, Pratiti, Disha, Boipatra, Mati Mon, Shuktara, Chharapatra, Khejurtala, Sabuj Patra, Joybangla, Ullas, Chetana, Simanta, Disheri, Anurag, Bishwabani, Shailabarta.

Important installations Transmission centre of Bangladesh Television (1995).

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