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Homna Upazila


homnaHomna Upazila (comilla district) area 150.55 sq km, located in between 23°37′ and 23°45′ north latitudes and in between 90°38′ and 90°53′ east longitudes. It is bounded by banchharampur upazila on the north, daudkandi and gazaria upazilas on the south, muradnagar upazila on the east, araihazar upazila on the west.

Population Total 191449; male 98027, female 93422; Muslim 180459, Hindu 10965 and others 25.

Water bodies Main rivers: meghna, titas,’ Kathalia; Luitar Beel, Darirchar Beel, Kasimpur Beel, Kalidhoar Beel and Khodadawdpur Beel are notable.’

Administration Homna Thana, now an upazila, was formed in 1918.

Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural
1 10 79 158 24193 167256 1272 31.82 33.37
Upazila Town
(sq km)
Mouza Population Density
(per sq km)
Literacy rate (%)
11.74 5 24193 2061 31.82
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female
Asadpur 15 3969 10874 10739 28.98
Garmora 50 5276 7486 6742 30.61
Ghagutia 47 3386 10591 10766 25.68
Chander Char 28 3287 11862 12145 35.02
Joypur 25 1584 6362 5811 45.51
DulalPur 22 2934 9955 9572 36.58
Nilakhi 85 6023 11607 10060 32.32
Bhasania 20 4775 10274 8799 39.90
Mathabhanga 76 3215 8274 8081 31.37
Homna 66 3189 10742 10707 30.36

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

Archaeological heritage and relics Homna Kali Mandir, Karakandi Balagazi Mosque.

History of the War of Liberation At the end of July 1971 the Pak army attempted an entry into the Joypur village through the Titas. The freedom fighters attacked them from both sides of the river causing serious damage to enemy motor launch. The Pak army retreated towards Machhimpur. A number of Pak soldiers were killed or wounded in this encounter. Besides, encounters were held between the freedom fighters and the Pak army at different places of the upazila including Champak Nagar, Ghagutia, Nilokhi Bazar, Dulal Bazar, Homna Sadar and Panchabati in whcih 23 freedom fighters were killed and 24 were wounded. The Pak army also buried alive a number of men, women and children at a place adjacent to the’ Homna Degree College.

Marks of the War of Liberation Mass grave 1, memorial monument 1.

Religious institutions Mosque 350, temple 26, sacred place 2. Noted religious institutions: Karakandi Balagazi Mosque, Homna Kali Mandir.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 33.18%; male 38.24%, female 27.94%. Educational institutions: college 4, vocational training instituate 1, secondary school 16, primary school 108, kindergarten 2, madrasa 278. Noted educational institutions: Mathabhanga Bhairab High School (1919), Ramkrishnapur KRK High School (1928), Homna Government Pilot High School (1929). Ghaniarchar Uttar Government Primary School (1905), Joypur Government Primary School (1918), Barakalmina Government Primary School (1919)

Newspapers and periodicals Weekly: Homna; Daily: Homna.

Cultural organisations Library 1, shilpakala academy 1, playground 10.

Main sources of income Agriculture 46.91%, non-agricultural labourer 2.45%, industry 5.54%, commerce 17.16%, transport and communication 1.73%, service 6.18%, construction 1.24%, religious service 0.28%, rent and remittance 3.26% and others 15.25%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 66.08%, landless 33.92%; agricultural landowner: urban 66.44% and rural 66.02%.’

Main crops Paddy, wheat, corn, potato, sesame, mustard, musuri, vegetables.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Kaun, china, mugh.

Main fruits Mango, water-melon, futi, papaya.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries Fishery 1, poultry 40.

Communication facilities Pucca road 25 km, semi-pucca road 765 km, mud road 200 km; waterway 52 nautical miles.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin.

Noted manufactories Rice mill, saw mill, flour mill, oil mill, ice factory, welding factory, candle and chanachur making factory.

Cottage industries Goldsmith, potteries, weaving, embroidery, bamboo work, wood work.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 27, fairs 2, Homna Hat, Ramkrishnapur Hat, Dulalpur Hat, Mirash Hat, Kashipur Hat, Shreepur Hat, Joypur Hat, Asadpur Hat, Paus Mela and Baishakhi Mela.

Main exports Wheat, potato, sesame, mustard, musuri, vegetables.

Access to electricity All the wards and unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However, 38.55% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 92.34%, tap 1.01%, pond 1.55% and others 5.10%. The presence of arsenic has been detected in shallow tube-well water of the upazila.

Sanitation 40.30% (rural 40.86% and urban 36.43%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 48.18% (rural 47.16% and urban 55.15%) of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 11.52% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health centre 1, union health and family planning centre 7, satellite clinic 5, veterinary hospital 1, rural health centre 7, clinic 10.

Natural disasters The tornado of 1969 and the flood of 1998 caused heavy damages to settlements and crops of the upazila.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are brac, asa.

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