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Disaster Management in Bangladesh
Bangladesh is one of the broad flat delta of silt carried. Land features of hills, flat land and flat, slightly elevated from the inundation of land, divided into three zones. Geographical location of the area is about 1,47,570 km and 20 ° 34 ‘to 26 ° 38’ north latitude and 88 ° 01 ‘to 92 ° 41’ east longitude extending. Padma, Brahmaputra and Meghna river basins lying three 4,685-km long has unique geographical structure. Bangladesh’s economy is largely dependent on farming and seasonal weather.
Bangladesh faces natural disasters are often due to geographical location. The horror of natural disasters, including cyclones, floods, cyclones, river erosion, drought, earthquakes, etc.. Bangladesh is located in the Himalayas, which is prone to seismic risk.
1897, 1905, 1934, and in 1950, four earthquakes of magnitude larger than magnitude 8 with belt 10-12 magnitude earthquake occurred in the last 100 years. In short intervals of natural disasters due to the country’s loss of life and property. Regarded as one of the most disaster prone countries in the world, partly because Bangladesh.
Disaster relief and recovery activities are planned within the framework of management, in order to strengthen the capacity of all types of risk management is to reduce the level of vulnerability to specific hazards. Relief activities and procedures of the comprehensive disaster management, keeping in mind the changes in 2003 to change the name of the Relief and Rehabilitation Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief to the Ministry. The next time the ‘Ministry of Food and Disaster Management’ was renamed as. In addition, issues related to disaster planning and coordination to ensure that the Standing Order on Disaster issued (ASOD) interconnections with the quite a few were developed.
Financial losses due to the flooding of the country at different times has been attained. 1970, 1991, 1987, 1988 and 1998, and 2007 are in the floods in Bangladesh, it has attained extensive damage to life and property. According to official figures 2007 times in the recent floods, about 298 people died and were injured 10211780. Approximately 58.866 homes were completely destroyed. Water flooded the southernmost tip of land in this country is due to the strong wind.
In 1992 at the national level Disaster Management Bureau (DMB) was formed as a professional unit, which operates under the Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief. This is the responsibility of the Bureau of the district and thana / upazila level inter-ministerial committee in charge of the authorities and the concerned ministries under the overall authority of the High-level support for working closely with the expert assistance.
Disaster Management Bureau, a small dynamic professional unit at national level. Work of the authorities in charge of the district and thana level and high-level inter-ministerial committee, working closely with relevant ministries under the expert assistance. Starting from the grassroots level up to the national level reviewing and coordinating all activities related to disaster management in charge of the technical branch of the Bureau under the Ministry of Food and Disaster Management.
As a continuation of the paradigm change with the establishment of the Ministry of Food and Disaster Management has been designed as a long-term program, the Comprehensive Disaster Management Programme (CDMP). 2003 programs in the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the British Department for Development Support Agency for International Development (DFID) jointly launched the project.