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Dhaka District

 

Dhaka Map

Dhaka Map

Dhaka District (dhaka division) area 1497.17 sq km, located in between 23°53′ and 24°06′ north latitudes and in between 90°01′ and 90°37′ east longitudes. It is bounded by gazipur and tangail districts on the north, munshiganj district on the south, narayanganj district on the east, manikganj and rajbari districts on the west.

Population Total 8511228; male 4712330, female 3798898; Muslim 8020372, Hindu 441213, Buddhist 41395, Christian 6565 and others 1683.

Water bodies padma, buriganga, ichamati, dhaleshwari, turag, bangshi, Kaliganga, Gazikhali, Kalmai rivers; Tulsi Khalki Canal, Aonar Canal, Bhangabhita Canal; Raghunathpur Beel and Betlai Beel are notable.

Administration Dhaka municipality was established in 1864 and it was turned into a Town Committee in 1960. The Town Committee was abolished in 1972 and it was up graded into a Municipal Corporation in 1983. Dhaka Town was turned into a City Corporation in 1990.

District
Area (sq km) Upazila Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural
1497.17 5 3 142+59 (Part) 1771 1864 7794086 717142 5685 67.15
City Corporation
City Corporation Metropolitan Thana Ward and Union Mahalla and Mouza
2 41 81+ 59 (Part) 841
Metropolitan Thana
Name of metropolitan thana and GO code Area (sq km) Ward and Union Mahalla and Mouza Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Adabor 2.07 2 8 86540 41806 62.24
Uttar Khan 20.09 1 14 52014 2590 64.58
Uttara 36.91 1 13 66636 11295 65.67
Kadamtali 10.16 4+2 (Part) 15 330565 32536 63.87
Kalabagan 1.26 1+1 (Part) 10 106671 84660 76.88
Kafrul 7.89 1+3 (Part) 18 272939 34593 69.87
Kamrangirchar 3.63 1 12 143208 39452 42.84
Cantonment 14.47 1+1 (Part) 8 117464 11393 70.30
Kotwali 0.67 2+2 (Part) 44 82488 123117 77.78
Khilkhet 15.88 1 11 39227 2470 58.32
Khilgaon 14.83 4+1 (Part) 12 230902 15560 56.92
Gulshan 8.85 2+1 (Part) 25 145969 16494 68.12
Gendaria 1.83 4 25 160541 87728 69.97
Chawkbazar Model 2.07 3+3 (Part) 62 160112 77349 75.49
Demra 19.9 3 19 125312 6473 58.58
Turag 12.17 1 (Part) 12 53558 4401 60.54
Tejgaon 2.74 1+2 (Part) 7 118540 41073 76.51
Tejgaon I/A 4.38 3 11 64129 14641 69.56
Dakshinkhan 11.08 1 (Part) 6 177760 15412 68.87
Darus Salam 4.98 2+2 (Part) 20 198723 39904 67.58
Dhanmondi 4.34 1+2 (Part) 17 128942 22798 70.90
New Market 1.67 1 8 66439 37173 82.32
Paltan 1.42 1+1 (Part) 13 64492 34854 81.74
Pallabi 25.28 2+4 (Part) 38 412217 16306 64.10
Bangshal 1.2 3+2 (Part) 61 178241 148535 69.35
Badda 36.84 1+5 (Part) 22 320025 8689 58.36
Bimanbandar 8.02 2 5 5079 634 79.13
Motijheel 3.69 5+1 (Part) 23 225999 61246 76.22
Mirpur Model 4.71 1+5 (Part) 17 274530 58287 73.73
Mohammadpur 7.44 3+2 (Part) 32 241343 32439 74.70
Jatrabari 13.19 4 17 260772 19770 63.04
Ramna 3.84 2+3 (Part) 16 176437 46068 75.11
Rampura 2.80 2 17 138923 49615 74.45
Lalbagh 2.04 4 46 188794 92547 71.45
Shah Ali 5.15 1+2 (Part) 24 102855 19972 73.02
Shahbagh 3.49 3 (Part) 13 74113 21236 79.39
Sher-e-Bangla Nagar 5.25 1+3 (Part) 16 248871 47404 71.67
Shyampur 1.66 1+2 (Part) 14109333 65864 65.36
Sabujbagh 6.62 4+2 (Part) 19 236813 35773 62.38
Sutrapur 2.08 5 47 191879 92250 76.17
Hazaribagh 3.94 1+2 (Part) 24 103482 26265 64.40
Others Information of District
Name of upazila Area (sq km) Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Keraniganj 166.87 12 122 422 603114 3614 51.8
Nawabganj 244.80 14 190 329 296605 1212 54.4
Dohar 161.49 1 7 91 109 191423 1185 49.3
Dhamrai 303.36 1 16 307 408 350168 1154 43.9
Savar 280.12 1 12 220 373 587041 2096 58.2

Source  Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

History of the War of Liberation The flag of Bangladesh was hoisted for the first time at the Dhaka University Battala on 2 March 1971. Bangabandhu sheikh mujibur rahman was arrested by the Pak army from his Dhanmondi residence on 25 March. In the midnight of 25 March the Pak army launched attacks on the Bangalis at the Cantonment, headquarters of the East Pakistan Rifle (EPR) at Pilkhana, Rajarbagh Police Barrack, headquarters of Ansar at Khilgaon, residences of Dhaka University teachers and student halls in which thousands of people including members of armed forces, EPR, police, teachers, students and staff were killed. The Pak army set many houses on fire in Dhaka City including densely Hindu populated Sankhari Patti and Tanti Bazar. On 27 March the Pak army brutally killed 13 persons at Malakartola. In the month of July 1971 the freedom fighters destroyed the power station of the AGB Colony near the Kamlapur Railway Station and thereby put the Pak army in a difficult position. An encounter between the freedom fighters and the Pak army was held at Joar Shahara on 9 December in which a number of freedom fighters were killed. On 14 November, an encounter between the freedom fighters under Nasiruddin Yusuf and the Pak army was held at Savar in which Muktijoddha Shahid Golam Dastagir Titu was killed. On 14 December, the Pak army in collaboration with the Rajakars and Al-Badrs brutally killed many people including the intellectuals of the country. In another encounter between the freedom fighters and the Pak army at the Mother Tek area 11 Pak soldiers were killed. During the war of liberation the Pak army conducted torture and plundering at different places of Badda and Batara areas and killed two persons at village Salameid. The Pak army set most of the houses of the villages Konakhola, Bashta, Brahman Kirtheha, Goalkhali, Owalitia, Khagail Golamora of Keraniganj upazila on fire. However, Pak army were forced to retreat in the face of attack by the freedom fighters. The Pak army brutally killed 14 freedom fighters at a place near Kamalapur Bazar who were captured from Dhamrai Bazar of Dhamrai upazila. The complete victory was achieved on 16 December when the Pak army surrendered at the Ramna Race Course.

Marks of the War of Liberation Memorial monument 2 (national martyrs’ memorial at Savar and Intellectual Memorial Monument at Darus Salam); mass’ grave 10, most noted of which are mass grave near National Memorial Monument at Savar, Jagannath Hall, Dhaka University campus, Kamalapur Bazar at Dhamrai, South Kamlapur and Royer Bazar mass killing site in Dhaka; memorial 10; memorial sculpture 10, most noted of which are Aparajeya Bangla, Soparjita Swadhinata, Swadhinata Sangram at Dhaka University Campus, Sangshaptak at Jahangirnagar University, Jagroto Chowrangi at Joydebpur, Protyasha at Jagannath University.’

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 64.79%; male 69.58%, female 58.78%. Educational institutions: university 51, medical college 23, technical training college 4, government teachers training college 3, college 177, law college 3, secondary school 450, primary school 700, satellite school 200, primary teachers training institute 3, technical training institute 4, kindergarten 250, madrasa 180. Noted educational institutions: dhaka university (1921), bangladesh university of engineering and technology (1962), jahangirnagar university (1970), dhaka medical college and hospital (1946), Jaipara College (1972), Eden Mohila College (1873), K.L Jubilee School and College (1866), Dhaka Notre Dame College (1949), Viquarunnesa Noon School and College (1952), Willes Little Flower School and College (1952), Adamjee Cantonment Public School and College (1960), Dhaka Residential Model School and College (1960), Pogose School (1828), St. Gregory High School (1892), Government Muslim High School (1874), Jaipara Pilot High School (1902), Bandura Holy Cross High School (1912), Savar Adhar Chandra High School (1913), Simulia S.P High School (1914), Hardinge High School (1914), Churain Tarini Bama High School (1923), Dhanmondi Government Boys’ High School (1962), Roail Primary School (1887), Pathan Tola Primary School (1888), Purba Char Government Primary School (1925).

Main sources of income Agriculture 7.70%, non-agricultural labourer 2.40%, industry 3.56%, commerce 25.05%, transport and communication 8.97%, service 32.34%, construction 3.40%,’ religious service 0.15%, rent and remittance 4.15% and others 13.12%.

Newspapers and periodicals Daily (Bangla): Ittefaq, Inqilab, Bhorer Kagaj, Prothom Alo, Banglar Bani, Sangbad, Janakantha, Jugantar, Sangram, Rupali, Dainik Bangla, Dinkal, Arthaniti, Muktakantha, Ajker Kagaj, Al Amin, Dainik Bhor, Desh Janata, Jaijaidin, Janapath, Janmabhumi, Khabar, Millat, Samachar, Shakti, Desh Bangla, Manabzamin, Bangla Bazar, Jagrata Kantha, Savar Barta, Savar Kantha, Ganavasso; Daily (English): News Day, Bangladesh Times, Bangladesh Observer, The Daily Star, The Independent, The New Nation, The Financial Express; Weekly: Aai Samay, Ekata, Bartaman Dinkal, Chuti, Dhaka Courier, Purbhabas, Sandwip, Gram Barta, Bichitra, Purnima, Sughanda, Robbar, Bhorer Shishir, Kriralok, Mirpur Barta, Jagrata Kantha, Savar Barta, Saf Katha, Savar Kantha, Ganabhasha; Defunct: Bandhab Patrika (1874), Dainik Azad (1935), Weekly Mohammadi (1910), Dainik Nabajug (1941), Samakal (1854), Sahitya Patra (1948), Dainik Khadem (1910), Sabujpatra (1914), Moslem Bharat (1920), Kallol (1923), Al-Islam (1915), Education Gazette (1846), Weekly Bartabaha (1856), Swadesh (monthly, 1854), Bangadut (1829), Bangadarshan (1872), Nabanur (1903), Bengal Gazette (1780), Bengal Gazette (1818), Shikha (1927), Saogat (1918), Basana (1908), Monthly Boi Bichitra (1962), Saptahik Krishok (1973).

Folkculture Jatra-pala, Pala Gan, Bhawaya, Bhatiali, Baul song are notable.

Important installations and tourist spots Jatiya Smriti’ Saudha (National Martyrs’ Memorial), Central shaheed minar, Muktijoddha Museum, Bangabandhu Smriti’ Jadughar (Banhabandhu Memorial Museum), National Museum, Children Park, National Zoo, Mirpur Stadium, Bangabandhu Stadium, Bangabandhu International Conference Centre, ruins of the house of Harish Chandra Raja (8th century), Seven Domed Mosque (17th Century), Baitul Mukarram (National Mosque), Star Mosque (18th Century), Chawkbazar Mosque, Dhakeshwari Temple (11th Century), Lalbagh Fort, Ahsan Manzil, Jatiya Sangsad Bhaban (Parliament House), National Botanical Garden, Baldha Garden, Panam Nagar (Sonargaon), bangabandhu sheikh mujibur rahman novotheatre, Buddha Vihara.

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