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Debidwar Upazila

 

Debidwar Upazila (comilla district) area 238.36 sq km, located in between 23°29′ and 23°42′ north latitudes and in between 90°59′ and 91°05′ east longitudes. It is bounded by muradnagar upazila on the north, chandina upazila on the south, burichang and brahmanpara upazilas on the east, Muradnagar upazila on the west.

Population Total 378401; male 190926, female 187475; Muslim 356257, Hindu 22094, Buddhist 11, Christian 20 and others 19.

Water bodies Main rivers: gumti, Buri; Bhinglabari canal, Curzon canal, Hasan Raja dighi, Deo dighi, Pan dighi, Dhamatipal dighi, Jotshna jalmahal and Bhiralla jalmahal are notable.

Administration Debidwar Thana was formed in 1915 and it was turned into an upazila in 1983.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural
1 16 142 209 13994 364407 1588 70.08 49.59
Upazila Town
Area
(sq km)
Mouza Population Density
(per sq km)
Literacy rate (%)
4.32 2 13994 3239 70.08
Union
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female
Isabpur 11 2965 8325 8264 49.22
Elahabad 71 4039 12740 12403 51.44
Uttar Gunaighar 53 3075 9535 9880 52.80
Dakshin Gunaighar 59 3484 9783 10018 48.60
Jafarganj 65 2964 12005 11893 48.73
Debidwar 29 4593 22592 22125 54.33
Uttar Dhamti 35 3763 10200 10139 48.29
Dakshin Dhamti 41 4044 14473 11232 45.60
Fatehabad 47 5238 18834 17641 52.31
Bara Shalghar 05 3430 8398 8397 50.67
Barkamta 23 3248 13186 12388 56.33
Bhani 83 3888 11769 11346 43.24
Mohanpur 17 3441 11956 12068 48.75
Rasulpur 89 3307 9387 9282 40.92
Rajamehar 77 3776 10954 10929 47.99
Subil 95 3638 9789 9470 60.67

ource Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.
debidwar
Archaeological heritage and relics Baitul Azgar Jami Mosque (Gunaighar), Octagonal Shiva Mandir (Dhamti Bazar).

History of the War of Liberation On 31 March 1971, an encounter was held between the Pak army and the Bangalis on the Comilla-Sylhet highways in which 33 Bangalis were killed. Besides, the Pak army conducted genocides and set many houses on fire on 7 August at Charkamta, 29 September at Jakerganj and on 14 November at Thana Sadar.

Marks of the War of Liberation Mass grave 1 (Muktijoddha Chattar).

Religious institutions Mosque 455, temple 27, tomb 9.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 50.39%; male 54.51%, female 46.28%. Educational institutions: college 7, secondary school 47, technical school 3, madrasa 30. Noted educational institutions: Debidwar Reazuddin High School (1918), Gangamandal Raj Institution (1922), Dhamti Islamia Kamil Madrasa (1920).

Newspapers and periodicals Weekly: Debidwar and Comilla Kantha.

Cultural organisations Library 3, club 57, theatre group 1, press club 1.

Tourist spots Debidwar Municipal Park, Debidwar Municipal Children Park.’

Main sources of income Agriculture 54.17%, non-agricultural labourer 1.74%, industry 1.02%, commerce 14.04%, transport and communication 4.57%, service 11.82%, construction 1.22%, religious service 0.33%, rent and remittance 2.90% and others 8.19%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 74.61%, landless 25.39%; agricultural landowner: urban 60.20% and rural 75.17%.

Main crops Paddy, wheat, mustard, corn, potato, vegetables.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Tobacco, jute, kaun, sesame, peanut, maskalai, masur pulse, gram.

Main fruits Guava, litchi.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries Fishery 7, dairy 5, poultry 30.

Communication facilities Roads: pucca 80.40 km, semi-pucca 196 km, mud road 211.05 km.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, bullock cart, horse carriage.

Noted manufactories Jute mill, cold storage, ice factory, brick field.

Cottage industries Blacksmith, potteries, weaving, net weaving, bamboo work, cane work.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 15, most noted of which are Dighirpar and Rasulpur Hat, Ponrar Poush Sankranti Mela and Baishakhi Mela.

Main exports Potato, vegetables.

Access to electricity All the wards and unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 38.53% of the dwellings have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 95.17%, tap 0.76%, pond 1.13% and others 3.26%. The presence of arsenic has been detected in the shallow tube-well water of the upazila.

Sanitation 66.35% (rural 65.57% and urban 86.65%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 21.36% (rural 21.74% and urban 11.77%) of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 12.28% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, hospital 1, family planning centre 12, CMH unit 1.

Natural Disasters The cyclone of 1991 caused death of more than one hundred persons and damages to a number of settlements of the upazila. Besides, huge damages to crops were done in 1988, 1998 and 2004 due to floods caused by damage of the flood protection dam on the river Gumti.

NGO activities brac, Pages, asa, nijera kari.

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