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Bandarban District


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Map of Bandarban

Map of Bandarban

Bandarban District (chittagong division) area 4479.03 sq km, located in between 21°11′ and 22°22′ north latitudes and in between 92°04′ and 92°41′ east longitudes. It is bounded by rangamati district on the north, Arakan (Myanmar) on the south, Chin Province (Myanmar) and Rangamati district on the east, chittagong and cox’s bazar district on the west. Marmiana Tang, Bathil Tang, Kewkradang, Langfi Tang, Lakpang Tang, Thaingkiang Tang, Moudak Tang, Murangiang Tang, Rungrang Tang, Naprai Tang, Murifa Tang, Busi Tang, and Sara Tang are the notable hills of this district.’

Population Total 298120; male 162133, female 135987; Muslim 147072, Hindu 10796, Buddhist 28546, Christian 103997 and others 7719. Indigenous community such as marma, chakma, bawm, Murong, Tripura, khyang, khumee, and lushei belong to this upazila

Water bodies Main rivers: sangu, matamuhuri.

Administration Bandarban district was formed on 1 October 1981. It is the 3rd largest of the 11 districts of Chittagong division. Of the 7 upazilas of the district thanchi is the largest (1020.82 sq km) and rowangchhari is the smallest (442.89 sq km) in size.

Area (sq km) Upazila Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural
4479.03 7 1 29 97 1501 92766 205354 67 31.7
Others Information of District
Name of upazila Area (sq km) Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Alikadam 885.78 2 7 156 35264 40 27.2
Thanchi 1020.82 4 12 177 16992 17 15.1
Naikhongchhari 463.61 4 17 226 49465 107 32.3
Bandarban Sadar 501.99 1 5 16 224 68693 137 43.2
Ruma 492.10 4 15 201 26589 54 26.7
Rowangchhari 442.89 4 13 162 22629 51 23.8
Lama 671.84 6 18 355 78488 117 30.4

Bangladesh Population Census 2001,Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

History of the War of Liberation During the war of liberation the Pak army conducted mass killing, torture and plundering; they also set many houses of the upazila on fire. The freedom fighters had temporary camps at Tumukra Para and at Sonaichhari Jhumkhola Para of Naikkhongchhari upazila.

Marks of the War of Liberation Memorial monument 2.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 31.07%; Male 38.2%, female 23.7%. Educational institutions: college 5, technical college 1, secondary school 46, primary school 302, community school 28, kindergarten 7, madrasa 10. Noted educational institutions: Bandarban Technical School and College, Cantonment Public School and College, Bandarban Govt. High School, Bandarban Govt. Girls’ School, Alikadam Govt. High School, Alikadam Girls’ High School, Naikhongchhari Secondary Girls’ School, Rowangchhari Govt. High School, Ruma Govt. High School, Lama Govt. High School, Thanchi High School, Bandarban Ideal Govt. Primary School.’

Main sources of income Agriculture 61.95%, non-agricultural labourer 7%, industry 0.48%, commerce 9.92%, transport and communication 1.11%, construction 1.08%, religious service’ 0.26%, service 8.12%, rent and remittance 0.37% and others 9.71%.

Newspapers and periodicals Daily: Natun Bangladesh, Sachitra; fortnightly: Sangu; monthly: Bandarban, Nilachal, Chimbuk.

Folkculture Rathjatra, Thala Nritya (plate dance), Jhum festival, Bansh (bamboo) festival, Baisuk, Sangrai, Biju, Jarigan, Sarigan, Kavigan are notable.

Tourist spots ‘Meraindang hill, (Alikadam), Sharna Mandir (Bandarban’ Sadar), BLRI (Naikhongchhari), Tazingdang, Kewkradang hill.

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