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Bagerhat District


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baherhat mapBagerhat District (khulna division) area 3959.11 sq km, located in between 21°49′ and 22°59′ north latitudes and in between 89°32′ and 89°98′ east longitudes. It is bounded by gopalganj and narail districts on the north, bay of bengal on the south, Gopalganj, pirojpur and barguna districts on the east, khulna district on the west.

Population Total 1549031; male 804143, female 744888; Muslim 1237862, Hindu 304427, Buddhist 6261, Christian 54 and others 42.

Water bodies Main rivers: pasur, madhumati, Baleshwari, Kaliganga, Haringhata, Bangra, Bhola.

Administration Bagerhat’ district was formed in 1984.

Area (sq km) Upazila Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural
3959.11 9 3 75 720 1031 206554 1342477 391 58.7
Others Information of District
Name of upazila Area (sq km) Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Kachua 131.62 7 78 101 100093 760 62.0
Chitalmari 192.00 7 58 122 139862 728 58.6
Fakirhat 160.68 8 67 87 134418 837 58.8
Bagerhat Sadar 316.97 1 10 169 183 257273 812 60.9
Mongla 1461.22 1 6 30 77 149030 102 56.1
Morrelganj 460.91 1 16 121 181 349551 758 62.3
Mollahat 187.88 7 59 102 126218 672 48.9
Rampal 291.22 10 125 133 178503 613 57.3
Sarankhola 756.61 4 12 45 114083 151 56.0

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001,Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

History of the War of Liberation During the war of liberation in 1971 Bagerhat district was under sector 9. On 21 April the Pak army killed about 200 persons at Khalishakhali and Babuganj bazars. Thirty five freedom fighters were killed in an encounter between the freedom fighters and the rajakars at Morrelganj. The rajakars also killed more than one hundred people in Terabaka canal of Sarankhola upazila. On 3 May the Pak army killed 42 persons at Shakharikathi Hat in Badhal union of Kachua upazila. On May 21, the rajakars killed many people and set many houses on fire in Rampal upazila. The Pak army, in collaboration with the rajakars, captured 9 persons from village Mansha of Bahirdia union of Fakirhat upazila on 25 August and 70 persons from Basha Bazar of Moghia union of Kachua upazila on 15 October and killed all of them at a place near Bhasarhat bridge. Besides, about 200 Pak soldiers including one captain were killed in a battle between the freedom fighters and the Pak army at Chakulia (Charkulia) of Mollahat upazila.

Marks of War of Liberation Mass grave 9 (Chitalmari, Sakharikathi, Morrelganj, Ranjitpur, Teligati, Dakra, Kandapara, Mansha Bazar, Maghia); Mass killing site 4; Memorial monument 8.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 58.7%; male 60.8%, female 56.5%. Educational institutions: college 44, technical college 2, vocational institutions 1, secondary school 241, technical school 2, primary school 873, kindergarten 10, community school 3, madrasa 222. Noted educational institutions: Rampal Degree College (1968), Khalilur Rahman Degree College (1968), Sarankhola Degree College (1978), Shaheed Smriti Degree College (1993), Kachua Degree College, Kachua Mahila Degree College, Homeopathic College, PC College (1918), Mongla College (1981), Government Mahila College, Khan Jahan Ali College, Physical Education College, Textile Institute, Mongla Bandar School and College (1987), Prafulla Chandra Ray Higher Secondary School (1918), Medical Assistant Training School, Blind-Deaf Institute, Mulghar Government High School (1857), Bagerhat Multilateral High School (1878), Bahirdia High School (1892), Naldha High School (1895), AC Laha Pilot High School (1924), Gilatala Multilateral High School (1929), Daibagnyahati Bisheshor Multilateral Secondary School (1915), Moshni Secondary School (1915), Goalhat Rasiklal Multilateral Secondary School (1916), Sachidaha Chunkhola MB Secondary School (1916), Chingrakhali Secondary School (1920), Khan Jahania Secondary School (1923), Kachubunia Rahmatia Secondary School (1927), Sugandhi Secondary Girl’s School (1930), Failahat Kamaluddin Secondary School (1937), Perikhali Union Secondary School (1939), Dakra Multilateral High School (1940), SM High School (1945), Saint Paul’s High School (1954), RKDS Girl’s School (1968), Charlatia Government Primary School (1904), Bara Baria Hatkhola Government Primary School (1912), Angra Government Primary School (1918), Madartali Government Model Primary School (1928), Madhabkathi Ahmadia Fazil Degree Madrasa (1915).

Main sources of income Agriculture 54%, non-agricultural labourer 6.7%, industry 0.87%, commerce 17.28%, transport and communication 3.3%, service 8.05%, construction 1.32%, religious service 0.28%, rent and remittance 0.4% and others 7.8%.

Newspapers and periodicals Daily: Dakshin Kantha, Uttayal, Dakhin Bangla, Dut; weekly: Khan Jahan, Bagerhat Darpan, Bagerhat Barta.

Folk culture Charagan, dazzles, proverbs, Meyeli geet (folk songs sung by women on different festivals), Gazir geet, Aushtok songs sung on Chaitra Samkranti are notable.

Tourist spots shatgumbad mosque, Saint Paul’s Church, tomb of Khan Jahan Ali, Durgapur Shiva Math, Rajbari of Banagram, Mongla Bandar, Karamjal of sundarbans and Hiron Point, Sundarban Museum.

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